Storage and Flexibility: Net Zero Series

Published: 10 June 2020

The Storage & Flexibility: Net Zero Series comprises four reports looking at the role of different storage technologies in providing flexibility to the energy system as the UK aims to achieve Net Zero carbon emissions by 2050.

These report are part of the Innovating to Net Zero programme. Energy Systems Catapult has carried out a number of deep dives into the technologies potentially needed to achieve the UK government’s 2050 net zero emissions targets – such as nuclear, digitalisation and storage and flexibility.



The Storage and Flexibility: Non Battery Electricity Storage report investigates the potential of non-battery electrical storage technologies to help balance supply and demand across the energy system  as the UK increases low-carbon but intermittent renewable generation and the electrification of the heat and transport.




The Storage and Flexibility: Vehicle to Grid report explores the potential value of V2G technologies that allow electric vehicles to not only charge from the grid but also supply power back to the network. They are compared to alternative arrangements using unmanaged charging and managed charging. For each scenario the role of flexible generation, grid-connected electricity storage, V2G storage and intermittent energy generation were compared.




The Storage and Flexibility: Thermal Energy Storage for Heat Networks report explores how  thermal energy storage could be used to better match heat supply to heat demand to improve the efficiency and flexibility of District Heat Networks.




The Storage and Flexibility: Second Life Batteries report looks into the services that second life batteries could offer at the end of their usable life within electric vehicles. We explore the cost of refurbishment, developed a model to evaluate technical performance, policy and regulatory barriers to second life battery deployment.